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Election Ephemera

  • UKLSE-AS1EL01
  • Collection
  • 2016-2021
Ephemera and other material collected by the LSE Library which relates to elections in the United Kingdom.
As of December 2021, the collection consists of candidate manifestos and voter guides from the London Mayor Elections in 2016 and 2021, but will potentially include born-digital or digitised ephemera from UK General Elections.

Oxford Research Group

  • UKLSE-AS1OX01
  • Collection
  • 2001-2020

The Oxford Research Group (ORG) was a charity, think-tank and non-governmental organisation in the UK that was active between 1982 and 2020. The group was founded by Scilla Elworthy, an anti-war activist and author, and officially incorporated as a charity in 1988. Originally based in Oxford, the ORG relocated their base of operations to London in 2006.

The work of the ORG primarily concerned research into non-violent resolutions to conflicts around the world and opening dialogue between conflicting parties in order to find and implement peaceful solutions. The ORG approached peacebuilding from a psychological perspective, with the intention of breaking the cycles of violence that they believed caused conflict in the first place. While the ORG was a secular, non-religious group, its foundation was partly inspired by the Quaker values of peace and equality, as Elworthy herself belongs to this denomination. Though the ORG was an anti-war group, they were not pacifists.

From its foundation until 2001, the work of the ORG focused on the debate surrounding nuclear weapons and disarmament, as well as dialogue between the UK and Chinese governments on security matters and how governments could move away from the security policies of the Cold War era and towards peacebuilding based on cooperation and dialogue. After the September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, the ORG shifted its attention to the War on Terror and peacebuilding in the Middle East in order to better understand the causes and consequences of conflict in the region, with the aim of opening dialogues between the parties involved to resolve such conflict.

In 2003, Elworthy was awarded the Niwano Peace Prize for the ORG's work. Both Elworthy and the ORG were also nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988, 1989 and 1991.

Major programmes carried out by the ORG include:
- The Sustainable Security Programme
- The Strategic Peacebuilding Programme
- The Remote Warfare Programme

Projects and groups that originated from the ORG include:
- Every Casualty Worldwide
- The Oxford Process
- Peace Direct

Notable staff at the ORG included:
- Dr Scilla Elworthy
- Professor John Sloboda
- Gabrielle Rifkind
- Professor Oliver Ramsbotham
- Professor Frank Barnaby
- Professor Paul Rogers
- Paul Ingram

In 2020, the ORG could no longer operate due to funding issues.

Oxford Research Group

Charles Booth Digitised Archive

  • UKLSE-DL1CB01
  • Collection
  • 1886-1903

Charles Booth’s enquiry (1886-1903) was a ground-breaking social investigation into late-Victorian London. The enquiry’s most famous outputs are the poverty maps which showed street–by-street levels of wealth and poverty. LSE Library holds Booth’s original notebooks and 2nd edition maps which formed the basis for his publication, 'Life and Labour of the People in London'.

This digitised archives contain digitised surrogates from the archives [Booth; Charles (1840-1916); shipowner and social commentator](https://archives.lse.ac.uk/Record.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&id=BOOTH&pos=1)

Economic History Digital Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1EH01
  • Collection
  • 1884 - 2002
This collection of materials has been selected from some of LSE Library’s key collections of economic and government statistics. It includes several lengthy time-series of data in the form of official and government publications which have been digitised to reveal the richness of information contained within (demographics, economics, public health etc), which we hope will be useful to a wide range of users.

Endell Street Military Hospital Digital Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1ES01
  • Collection
  • 1915 -1919

This collection contains the part of the archives of Louisa Garrett Anderson (7LGA) and of Nina Last (7NLA) relating to Endell Street Military Hospital.
In August 1914, Louisa Garrett Anderson and Flora Murray founded the Women’s Hospital Corps under the auspices of the French Red Cross. Louisa was chief surgeon. They established a hospital in the Hotel Claridge in Paris which ran from September 1914 to January 1915. In November 1914 they were asked to open a second hospital at Wimereux under the Royal Army Medicine Corps (RAMC), which ran until early 1915. They were then offered hospital premised in London, so closed both hospitals in France and returned to England. The Endell Street Military Hospital, the first hospital in the UK established expressly for men by women, ran from May 1915 until December 1919 and treated over 26,000 patients, 24,000 of them male.

This collection contains:
- letters regarding the Women’s Hospital Corps from Louisa Garrett Anderson to her family (mainly to her mother, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson);
- a notebook by orderly Nina Last covering her work at Endell Street Military Hospital;
- scrapbook relating to Endell Street Military Hospital compiled by Flora Murray for 1916;
- photographs of the hospitals and image of an embroidered shoe bag.

Summary tables for Births, Deaths and Marriages in England and Wales from Annual report of the Registrar General

  • UKLSE-DL1GR01
  • Collection
  • 1839-1842

The data presented consists of 3 tables in csv format which show the numbers of births, marriages and deaths in English and Welsh regions for the years stated. These were extracted from image files of digitised printed material in LSE Library. The aim was to make that data more easily processed by the end-user in spreadsheet format.

The initial digitisation was the result of a project at LSE Library. The resulting corpus of materials consists of lengthy runs (some complete) of a series of publications including The Labour Gazette, The Annual Report of the Registrar General and the Census of Production. The Library, in conjunction with LSE’s Department of Economic History, began the digitisation project in 2018. This has made a substantial collection of materials available which can be used by members of the faculty (and beyond) for research and teaching purposes.

A second phase of the project attempted to extract tables from image files from the early years of the Annual Reports of the Registrar General. The aim was to convert the large amounts of valuable data across the publications into an open format so that it could be re-used, repurposed and analysed more easily in statistical analysis software. While the extraction proved considerably challenging, the extracted tables are relatively excellent reproductions and have been well rendered as csv files.

Note: Care has been taken to ensure the fidelity of the content of the tables but we cannot guarantee that the automated processes we have used have always captured this correctly. Some data cleansing may therefore be needed to be carried out as a result. The materials can be double checked against the originals which are available online at [Annual report of the Registrar General of births, deaths and marriages in England and Wales](https://lse-atom.arkivum.net/uklse-dl1eh01002).

Hugh Dalton's Diaries

  • UKLSE-DL1HD01
  • Collection
  • 1916-1978
This collection contains digitised copies from the microfilm reels of Hugh Dalton [Edward Hugh John Neale (1887-1962); Baron Dalton; politician]. The original diaries are part of [DALTON](https://archives.lse.ac.uk/TreeBrowse.aspx?src=CalmView.Catalog&field=RefNo&key=DALTON) Archives held in the Library.

Inter-war Feminist Pamphlet Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1IF01
  • Collection
  • 1918-1940
This set of pamphlets are drawn from The Women’s Library and related collections at LSE Library and they document women’s rights and their engagement in politics and public life from 1918-1940. These titles evidence the ideas and activities of women’s organisations, individual campaigners, reformers and women in public life. Also included are perspectives of politicians, governments, and intergovernmental organisations, as they responded (or failed to respond) to issues raised by advocates of women’s equality and rights.
The digitisation of these pamphlets was undertaken in partnership with Jisc in 2019 as part of the Digitising Social Movements of the 20th Century project: https://www.jisc.ac.uk/rd/projects/digitising-20th-century-social-movements

Peace and Internationalism Digitised Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1PI01
  • Collection
  • 1900-1961
The Peace and Internationalism collections focus on the work of activists and organisations working towards global peace. This digital collection focuses on peace in the interwar period, and includes meeting minutes, pamphlets, posters and other selected material from the League of Nations Union, the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and the Fellowship of Reconciliation.
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