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Peace and Internationalism Digitised Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1PI01
  • Collection
  • 1900-1961

The Peace and Internationalism collections focus on the work of activists and organisations working towards global peace. This digital collection focuses on peace in the interwar period, and includes meeting minutes, pamphlets, posters and other selected material from the League of Nations Union, the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom, and the Fellowship of Reconciliation.

Summary tables for Births, Deaths and Marriages in England and Wales from Annual report of the Registrar General

  • UKLSE-DL1GR01
  • Collection
  • 1839-1842

The data presented consists of 3 tables in csv format which show the numbers of births, marriages and deaths in English and Welsh regions for the years stated. These were extracted from image files of digitised printed material in LSE Library. The aim was to make that data more easily processed by the end-user in spreadsheet format.

The initial digitisation was the result of a project at LSE Library. The resulting corpus of materials consists of lengthy runs (some complete) of a series of publications including The Labour Gazette, The Annual Report of the Registrar General and the Census of Production. The Library, in conjunction with LSE’s Department of Economic History, began the digitisation project in 2018. This has made a substantial collection of materials available which can be used by members of the faculty (and beyond) for research and teaching purposes.

A second phase of the project attempted to extract tables from image files from the early years of the Annual Reports of the Registrar General. The aim was to convert the large amounts of valuable data across the publications into an open format so that it could be re-used, repurposed and analysed more easily in statistical analysis software. While the extraction proved considerably challenging, the extracted tables are relatively excellent reproductions and have been well rendered as csv files.

Note: Care has been taken to ensure the fidelity of the content of the tables but we cannot guarantee that the automated processes we have used have always captured this correctly. Some data cleansing may therefore be needed to be carried out as a result. The materials can be double checked against the originals which are available online at Annual report of the Registrar General of births, deaths and marriages in England and Wales.

Charles Booth Digitised Archive

  • UKLSE-DL1CB01
  • Collection
  • 1886-1903

Charles Booth’s enquiry (1886-1903) was a ground-breaking social investigation into late-Victorian London. The enquiry’s most famous outputs are the poverty maps which showed street–by-street levels of wealth and poverty. LSE Library holds Booth’s original notebooks and 2nd edition maps which formed the basis for his publication, 'Life and Labour of the People in London'.

This digitised archives contain digitised surrogates from the archives Booth; Charles (1840-1916); shipowner and social commentator

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, British Section (WILPF)

  • UKLSE-AS1WF01
  • Collection
  • 2013-2015

The collection includes the born-digital records of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, British Section (WILPF).

The first series of records consists of oral histories recorded as part of a project called 'These Dangerous Women', to mark the 100th anniversary of WILPF.

WILPF was formed in 1915, when a group of women met for an International Women's Congress in The Hague, Holland, when most of Europe was engaged in the First World War. The organisers of the Congress were prominent women in the International Suffrage Alliance from both belligerent and neutral countries. Despite the difficulties of travel during war time approximately 1200 women from 12 countries attended the congress. Several women were also prevented from attending, including 180 British women whom the British government either denied a passport to or prevented from attending by closing the North Sea to shipping. The congress acted as a protest against World War I and the women discussed the principles on which the war could be stopped and a permanent peace constructed. The Congress established an International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace, which four years later became the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom.

Following the end of the war WILPF held their second International Congress in Zurich, Switzerland in 1919 (with several members of the British section attending) and shortly afterwards WILPF established an office in Geneva, Switzerland which would be the organisation's headquarters. They have since then regularly held International Congresses roughly every three years. During the 1920s and 1930s WILPF campaigned heavily for peace and disarmament, organising peace marches in Great Britain in 1926 and collecting signatures for a world disarmament petition in the early 1930s. On the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939 communication between the different sections across the world proved difficult, part of the WILPF office moved to New York, USA with the remainder staying in Geneva. The British section remained active throughout the war.

The post war campaigning activities of WILPF have largely been concerned with nuclear disarmament, social and economic justice and the protection of individual human rights. The British section were active in Greenham Common and supported the anti - apartheid campaign in South Africa. WILPF continues to be active today, although many sections across the world are struggling with falling membership figures and financial difficulties. There are currently sections in 32 countries and WILPF is recognised as an NGO.

Election Ephemera

  • UKLSE-AS1EL01
  • Collection
  • 2016-2021

Ephemera and other material collected by the LSE Library which relates to elections in the United Kingdom.
As of December 2021, the collection consists of candidate manifestos for the main political parties as well as minor and independent parties, and voter guides from the London Mayor Elections in 2016 and 2021. It will potentially include born-digital or digitised ephemera from UK General Elections.

Political parties represented inlude:
Conservative Party
Green Party of England and Wales
British National Party (BNP)
Labour Party
Liberal Democrats
Women's Equality Party (WEP)
UK Independence Party (UKIP)

Oxford Research Group

  • UKLSE-AS1OX01
  • Collection
  • 2001-2020

The Oxford Research Group (ORG) was a charity, think-tank and non-governmental organisation in the UK that was active between 1982 and 2020. The group was founded by Scilla Elworthy, an anti-war activist and author, and officially incorporated as a charity in 1988. Originally based in Oxford, the ORG relocated their base of operations to London in 2006.

The work of the ORG primarily concerned research into non-violent resolutions to conflicts around the world and opening dialogue between conflicting parties in order to find and implement peaceful solutions. The ORG approached peacebuilding from a psychological perspective, with the intention of breaking the cycles of violence that they believed caused conflict in the first place. While the ORG was a secular, non-religious group, its foundation was partly inspired by the Quaker values of peace and equality, as Elworthy herself belongs to this denomination. Though the ORG was an anti-war group, they were not pacifists.

From its foundation until 2001, the work of the ORG focused on the debate surrounding nuclear weapons and disarmament, as well as dialogue between the UK and Chinese governments on security matters and how governments could move away from the security policies of the Cold War era and towards peacebuilding based on cooperation and dialogue. After the September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, the ORG shifted its attention to the War on Terror and peacebuilding in the Middle East in order to better understand the causes and consequences of conflict in the region, with the aim of opening dialogues between the parties involved to resolve such conflict.

In 2003, Elworthy was awarded the Niwano Peace Prize for the ORG's work. Both Elworthy and the ORG were also nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988, 1989 and 1991.

Major programmes carried out by the ORG include:

  • The Sustainable Security Programme
  • The Strategic Peacebuilding Programme
  • The Remote Warfare Programme

Projects and groups that originated from the ORG include:

  • Every Casualty Worldwide
  • The Oxford Process
  • Peace Direct

Notable staff at the ORG included:

  • Dr Scilla Elworthy
  • Professor John Sloboda
  • Gabrielle Rifkind
  • Professor Oliver Ramsbotham
  • Professor Frank Barnaby
  • Professor Paul Rogers
  • Paul Ingram

In 2020, the ORG could no longer operate due to funding issues.

Oxford Research Group (ORG)

Women's Resource Centre

  • UKLSE-AS1SD01
  • Collection
  • 2019-2020

This collection includes the born-digital records of the The Women's Resource centre (WRC).

WRC is the UK leading umbrella body for the women’s sector. Its membership and networks include predominantly small local specialist women’s organisations.

WRC was established in 1984, originally as a network of teaching professionals to promote anti-sexist, anti-racist teaching materials in the educational curriculum and eventually evolved in to a women's centre. In response to consultation with organisations in the women’s voluntary and community sector (WVCS) in the late 1990s, WRC took on its current role as an umbrella body providing capacity building and support for women’s organisations, and registered as a charity in 1998.

WRC takes its position from the historical context of the Women’s Liberation Movement.

For more information, explore the WRC website and its history page.

Endell Street Military Hospital Digital Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1ES01
  • Collection
  • 1915 -1919

This collection contains the part of the archives of Louisa Garrett Anderson (7LGA) and of Nina Last (7NLA) relating to Endell Street Military Hospital.
In August 1914, Louisa Garrett Anderson and Flora Murray founded the Women’s Hospital Corps under the auspices of the French Red Cross. Louisa was chief surgeon. They established a hospital in the Hotel Claridge in Paris which ran from September 1914 to January 1915. In November 1914 they were asked to open a second hospital at Wimereux under the Royal Army Medicine Corps (RAMC), which ran until early 1915. They were then offered hospital premised in London, so closed both hospitals in France and returned to England. The Endell Street Military Hospital, the first hospital in the UK established expressly for men by women, ran from May 1915 until December 1919 and treated over 26,000 patients, 24,000 of them male.

This collection contains:

  • letters regarding the Women’s Hospital Corps from Louisa Garrett Anderson to her family (mainly to her mother, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson);
  • a notebook by orderly Nina Last covering her work at Endell Street Military Hospital;
  • scrapbook relating to Endell Street Military Hospital compiled by Flora Murray for 1916;
  • photographs of the hospitals and image of an embroidered shoe bag.

Inter-war Feminist Pamphlet Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1IF01
  • Collection
  • 1918-1940

This set of pamphlets are drawn from The Women’s Library and related collections at LSE Library and they document women’s rights and their engagement in politics and public life from 1918-1940. These titles evidence the ideas and activities of women’s organisations, individual campaigners, reformers and women in public life. Also included are perspectives of politicians, governments, and intergovernmental organisations, as they responded (or failed to respond) to issues raised by advocates of women’s equality and rights.
The digitisation of these pamphlets was undertaken in partnership with Jisc in 2019 as part of the Digitising Social Movements of the 20th Century project: https://www.jisc.ac.uk/rd/projects/digitising-20th-century-social-movements

Economic History Digital Collection

  • UKLSE-DL1EH01
  • Collection
  • 1884 - 2002

This collection of materials has been selected from some of LSE Library’s key collections of economic and government statistics. It includes several lengthy time-series of data in the form of official and government publications which have been digitised to reveal the richness of information contained within (demographics, economics, public health etc), which we hope will be useful to a wide range of users.

Hugh Dalton's Diaries

  • UKLSE-DL1HD01
  • Collection
  • 1916-1978

This collection contains digitised copies from the microfilm reels of Hugh Dalton [Edward Hugh John Neale (1887-1962); Baron Dalton; politician]. The original diaries are part of DALTON Archives held in the Library.

LSE Publications

  • UKLSE-DL1PU01
  • Collection
  • 1895-2006

LSE Publications holds digitised publications held in the Library. As of October 2021 this collection includes LSE Calendars 1895-2006, LSE Register 1895-1932 and LSE Director's Report 1941-1942.