Showing 1692 results

Collection description
Oxford Research Group
Advanced search options
Print preview Hierarchy View:

865 results with digital objects Show results with digital objects

Oxford Research Group

  • UKLSE-AS1OX01
  • Collection
  • 2001-2020

The Oxford Research Group (ORG) was a charity, think-tank and non-governmental organisation in the UK that was active between 1982 and 2020. The group was founded by Scilla Elworthy, an anti-war activist and author, and officially incorporated as a charity in 1988. Originally based in Oxford, the ORG relocated their base of operations to London in 2006.

The work of the ORG primarily concerned research into non-violent resolutions to conflicts around the world and opening dialogue between conflicting parties in order to find and implement peaceful solutions. The ORG approached peacebuilding from a psychological perspective, with the intention of breaking the cycles of violence that they believed caused conflict in the first place. While the ORG was a secular, non-religious group, its foundation was partly inspired by the Quaker values of peace and equality, as Elworthy herself belongs to this denomination. Though the ORG was an anti-war group, they were not pacifists.

From its foundation until 2001, the work of the ORG focused on the debate surrounding nuclear weapons and disarmament, as well as dialogue between the UK and Chinese governments on security matters and how governments could move away from the security policies of the Cold War era and towards peacebuilding based on cooperation and dialogue. After the September 11th terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001, the ORG shifted its attention to the War on Terror and peacebuilding in the Middle East in order to better understand the causes and consequences of conflict in the region, with the aim of opening dialogues between the parties involved to resolve such conflict.

In 2003, Elworthy was awarded the Niwano Peace Prize for the ORG's work. Both Elworthy and the ORG were also nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1988, 1989 and 1991.

Major programmes carried out by the ORG include:

  • The Sustainable Security Programme
  • The Strategic Peacebuilding Programme
  • The Remote Warfare Programme

Projects and groups that originated from the ORG include:

  • Every Casualty Worldwide
  • The Oxford Process
  • Peace Direct

Notable staff at the ORG included:

  • Dr Scilla Elworthy
  • Professor John Sloboda
  • Gabrielle Rifkind
  • Professor Oliver Ramsbotham
  • Professor Frank Barnaby
  • Professor Paul Rogers
  • Paul Ingram

In 2020, the ORG could no longer operate due to funding issues.

Oxford Research Group (ORG)

Sustainable Security Programme

The Sustainable Security Programme was established in 2006-2007, expanding on Paul Rogers' work on marginalisation, climate change and geopolitics, as well as ORG's work on recording of casualties in armed conflict. The programme aimed to highlight the limitations of orthodox security policy and to develop policy alternatives that address underlying drivers.

Global Security Briefings

Professor Paul Rogers' Global Security Briefings series was launched in mid-2001, exploring the potential for major security challenges from the global margins. Paul continued to share his expertise, analysis and commentary on security issues in his monthly briefings up until ORG ceased operations in 2020.

Strategic Peacebuilding Programme

The Strategic Peacebuilding Programme (formerly the Middle East Programme) was ORG's conflict resolution programme which sought to contribute to preventing, transforming and ending violence by changing how people think about and engage with conflict.
The programme used a methodology based in ‘radical disagreement’ theory to build the capacity of local partners to engage in strategic dialogue and brokered a series of Track II dialogues in Israel, Palestine and Egypt and between Iran, Saudi Arabia, Syria and other states.

Every Casualty

Between 2007 and 2014 ORG's Every Casualty Programme (formerly known as the Recording Casualties of Armed Conflict programme), sought to coordinate and systematise global efforts to enhance the technical, legal and institutional capacity, as well as the political will, for every single casualty of armed conflict throughout the world to be recorded, civilian as well as combatant. Since October 2014, Every Casualty Worldwide has been operating as an independent NGO - please visit www.everycasualty.org for more information.

Results 1 to 28 of 1692